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Annales de l’Institut Henri Poincaré D

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Volume 6, Issue 3, 2019, pp. 313–355
DOI: 10.4171/AIHPD/73

Published online: 2019-05-07

Local properties of the random Delaunay triangulation model and topological models of 2D gravity

Séverin Charbonnier[1], François David[2] and Bertrand Eynard[3]

(1) Université Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
(2) Université Paris Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
(3) Université Paris Saclay,Gif-sur-Yvette, France, and Université de Montréal, Canada

Delaunay triangulations provide a bijection between a set of $N+3$ points in generic position in the complex plane, and the set of triangulations with given circumcircle intersection angles. The uniform Lebesgue measure on these angles translates into a Kähler measure for Delaunay triangulations, or equivalently on the moduli space $\mathcal M_{0,N+3}$ of genus zero Riemann surfaces with $N+3$ marked points. We study the properties of this measure. First we relate it to the topological Weil–Petersson symplectic form on the moduli space $\mathcal M_{0,N+3}$. Then we show that this measure, properly extended to the space of all triangulations on the plane, has maximality properties for Delaunay triangulations. Finally we show, using new local inequalities on the measures, that the volume $\mathcal{V}_N$ on triangulations with $N+3$ points is monotonically increasing when a point is added, $N\to N+1$. We expect that this can be a step towards seeing that the large $N$ limit of random triangulations can tend to the Liouville conformal field theory.

Keywords: Circle pattern, random maps, conformal invariance, Kähler geometry, 2D gravity, topological gravity, Teichmüller space

Charbonnier Séverin, David François, Eynard Bertrand: Local properties of the random Delaunay triangulation model and topological models of 2D gravity. Ann. Inst. Henri Poincaré Comb. Phys. Interact. 6 (2019), 313-355. doi: 10.4171/AIHPD/73