The EMS Publishing House is now EMS Press and has its new home at ems.press.

Please find all EMS Press journals and articles on the new platform.

Annales de l’Institut Henri Poincaré D


Full-Text PDF (154 KB) | Metadata | Table of Contents | AIHPD summary
Volume 1, Issue 1, 2014, pp. 47–60
DOI: 10.4171/AIHPD/2

Published online: 2014-02-04

The Potts model and chromatic functions of graphs

Martin Klazar[1], Martin Loebl[2] and Iain Moffatt[3]

(1) Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
(2) Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
(3) Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, UK

The $U$-polynomial of Noble and Welsh is known to have intimate connections with the Potts model as well as with several important graph polynomials. For each graph $G$, $U(G)$ is equivalent to the Stanley's symmetric bad colouring polynomial $XB(G)$. Moreover Sarmiento established the equivalence between $U$ and the polychromate of Brylawski. All these functions have countable number of variables, even though the restrictions to an arbitrary graph are honest polynomials. Loebl defined the $q$-dichromate $B_q(G,x,y)$ as a function of graph $G$ and three independent variables $q,x,y$, proved that it is equal to the partition function of the Potts model with variable number of states and with certain magnetic field contribution, and conjectured that $q$-dichromate is equivalent to the $U$-polynomial. He also proposed a stronger conjecture on integer partitions. The aim of this paper is two-fold. We present a construction disproving the Loebl's integer partitions conjecture, and we introduce a new function $B_{r,q}(G,x,k)$ which is also equal to the partition function of the Potts model with variable number of states and with a (different) external field contribution, and we show that $B_{r,q}(G,x,k)$ is equivalent to $U$-polynomial. This gives a Potts model-type formulation for the $U$-polynomial.

Keywords: Graph polynomial, chromatic polynomial, U-polynomial, graph coloring, integer partition, Potts model

Klazar Martin, Loebl Martin, Moffatt Iain: The Potts model and chromatic functions of graphs. Ann. Inst. Henri Poincaré Comb. Phys. Interact. 1 (2014), 47-60. doi: 10.4171/AIHPD/2