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Quantum Topology

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Volume 3, Issue 2, 2012, pp. 181–253
DOI: 10.4171/QT/28

Published online: 2012-03-03

Categorifying fractional Euler characteristics, Jones–Wenzl projectors and 3j-symbols

Igor B. Frenkel[1], Catharina Stroppel[2] and Joshua Sussan[3]

(1) Yale University, New Haven, USA
(2) University of Bonn, Germany
(3) UC Berkeley, USA

We study the representation theory of the smallest quantum group and its categorification. The first part of the paper contains an easy visualization of the 3j-symbols in terms of weighted signed line arrangements in a fixed triangle and new binomial expressions for the 3j-symbols. All these formulas are realized as graded Euler characteristics. The 3j-symbols appear as new generalizations of Kazhdan–Lusztig polynomials.

A crucial result of the paper is that complete intersection rings can be employed to obtain rational Euler characteristics, hence to categorify rational quantum numbers. This is the main tool for our categorification of the Jones–Wenzl projector, $\Theta$-networks and tetrahedron networks. Networks and their evaluations play an important role in the Turaev–Viro construction of 3-manifold invariants. We categorify these evaluations by Ext-algebras of certain simple Harish-Chandra bimodules. The relevance of this construction to categorified colored Jones invariants and invariants of 3-manifolds will be studied in detail in subsequent papers.

Keywords: 3j-symbols, quantum groups, Jones polynomial, complete intersections, Euler characteristic, Harish-Chandra bimodules, category $\mathcal{O}$, Kazhdan–Lusztig polynomials, 3-manifold invariants, categorification

Frenkel Igor, Stroppel Catharina, Sussan Joshua: Categorifying fractional Euler characteristics, Jones–Wenzl projectors and 3j-symbols. Quantum Topol. 3 (2012), 181-253. doi: 10.4171/QT/28