# Journal of Noncommutative Geometry

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**Volume 8, Issue 2, 2014, pp. 433–471**

**DOI: 10.4171/JNCG/161**

Published online: 2014-07-18

Quantum gauge symmetries in noncommutative geometry

Jyotishman Bhowmick^{[1]}, Francesco D'Andrea

^{[2]}, Biswarup Das

^{[3]}and Ludwik Dąbrowski

^{[4]}(1) University of Oslo, Norway

(2) Università di Napoli

(3) Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata

(4) SISSA, Trieste, Italy

We discuss generalizations of the notion of i) the group of unitary elements of a (real or complex) finite-dimensional C*-algebra, ii) gauge transformations and iii) (real) automorphisms in the framework of compact quantum group theory and spectral triples. The quantum analogue of these groups are defined as universal (initial) objects in some natural categories. After proving the existence of the universal objects, we discuss several examples that are of interest to physics, as they appear in the noncommutative geometry approach to particle physics: in particular, the C*-algebras $M_n(\mathbb{R})$, $M_n(\mathbb{C})$ and $M_n(\mathbb{H})$, describing the finite noncommutative space of the Einstein–Yang–Mills systems, and the algebras $\mathcal{A}_F=\mathbb{C}\oplus \mathbb{H} \oplus M_3(\mathbb{C})$ and $\mathcal{A}^{\mathrm{ev}}=\mathbb{H}\oplus \mathbb{H} \oplus M_4(\mathbb{C})$, that appear in Chamseddine–Connes derivation of the Standard Model of particle physics coupled to gravity. As a byproduct, we identify a “free” version of the symplectic group $\operatorname{Sp}(n)$ (quaternionic unitary group).

*Keywords: *Quantum groups, noncommutative geometry, gauge symmetry, Standard Model

Bhowmick Jyotishman, D'Andrea Francesco, Das Biswarup, Dąbrowski Ludwik: Quantum gauge symmetries in noncommutative geometry. *J. Noncommut. Geom.* 8 (2014), 433-471. doi: 10.4171/JNCG/161