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Oberwolfach Reports

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Volume 5, Issue 2, 2008, pp. 1079–1156
DOI: 10.4171/OWR/2008/21

Published online: 2009-03-31

Atomistic Models of Materials: Mathematical Challenges

Weinan E[1], Gero Friesecke[2] and David Pettifor[3]

(1) Princeton University, USA
(2) Technische Universität München, München Garching, Germany
(3) Oxford University, United Kingdom

The past decades have witnessed an explosion of interest in the application of mathematical models to science and engineering down at the atomic scale. Atomistic models are large, complex, multiscale, and in particular discrete, and provide a rich source of fascinating challenges for mathematics. In particular, a basic goal is to understand (1) how and at which length- and timescales the behaviour of large atomistic systems becomes well approximated by traditional continuum descriptions (of dislocations, grains, fracture, elasticity or plasticity), and under which circumstances atomistic and continuum ``modes'' are nontrivially coupled (2) how atomistic models can be accurately and efficiently extracted from quantum mechanical models. While mathematical research in this area is still in its early stages, interest by mathematicians in atomistic models is fast growing, and the goal of this workshop was to bring together leading mathematicians and materials scientists, in the unique Oberwolfach setting, in order to document recent results, discuss main open challenges, and stimulate an exchange between the two communities. The workshop focused on the following topics, the basic goals described above being recurrent themes. \begin{itemize} \item Derivation of interatomic potentials for magnetic materials from quantum mechanics (Drautz, Pettifor) \item Atomistic modelling of grain boundaries, phase boundaries, and surfaces (Elsaesser, Kratzer) \item Efficient algorithms in electronic structure theory (Gang Lu, Garcia\--Cer\-vera, Haynes) \item Atomic-continuum coupling (Braides, Cicalese, Delle Site, Guddati, Lus\-kin, Ming, Mugnai, Schl\"{o}merkemper, Schmidt) \item Electronic-continuum coupling (Jianfeng Lu) \item Dislocation models (Garroni, Nguyen-Manh, Yang) \item Molecular dynamics (Colombo, Engquist, Giannoulis, Hartmann, James, Leimkuhler, Li, Stoltz, Theil, Zimmer). \end{itemize} The organizers are particularly indebted to the participants from both mathematics and materials science for making such a committed effort to communicate their work to researchers from the other community, both in the actual talks and in this Oberwolfach report. Judging by the success of this effort, we are confident that this report can serve as a starting point and a stimulation for a great deal of future interaction between our communities.

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E Weinan, Friesecke Gero, Pettifor David: Atomistic Models of Materials: Mathematical Challenges. Oberwolfach Rep. 5 (2008), 1079-1156. doi: 10.4171/OWR/2008/21