Journal of the European Mathematical Society


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Volume 18, Issue 12, 2016, pp. 2971–2998
DOI: 10.4171/JEMS/659

Published online: 2016-11-21

Sharp isoperimetric inequalities via the ABP method

Xavier Cabré[1], Xavier Ros-Oton[2] and Joaquim Serra[3]

(1) ICREA, Barcelona, Spain
(2) University of Texas at Austin, USA
(3) ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Given an arbitrary convex cone of $\mathbb R^n$, we find a geometric class of homogeneous weights for which balls centered at the origin and intersected with the cone are minimizers of the weighted isoperimetric problem in the convex cone. This leads to isoperimetric inequalities with the optimal constant that were unknown even for a sector of the plane. Our result applies to all nonnegative homogeneous weights in $\mathbb R^n$ satisfying a concavity condition in the cone. The condition is equivalent to a natural curvature-dimension bound and also to the nonnegativeness of a Bakry-Emery Ricci tensor. Even that our weights are nonradial, still balls are minimizers of the weighted isoperimetric problem. A particular important case is that of monomial weights. Our proof uses the ABP method applied to an appropriate linear Neumann problem.

We also study the anisotropic isoperimetric problem in convex cones for the same class of weights. We prove that the Wulff shape (intersected with the cone) minimizes the anisotropic weighted perimeter under the weighted volume constraint.

As a particular case of our results, we give new proofs of two classical results: the Wulff inequality and the isoperimetric inequality in convex cones of Lions and Pacella.

Keywords: Isoperimetric inequalities, densities, convex cones, homogeneous weights, Wulff shapes, ABP method

Cabré Xavier, Ros-Oton Xavier, Serra Joaquim: Sharp isoperimetric inequalities via the ABP method. J. Eur. Math. Soc. 18 (2016), 2971-2998. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/659