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Zeitschrift für Analysis und ihre Anwendungen

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Volume 18, Issue 2, 1999, pp. 267–286
DOI: 10.4171/ZAA/881

Published online: 1999-06-30

Stability Rates for Linear Ill-Posed Problems with Compact and Non-Compact Operators

Bernd Hofmann[1] and G. Fleischer[2]

(1) Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany
(2) Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany

In this paper we deal with the ’strength’ of ill-posedness for ill-posed linear operator equations $Ax = y$ in Hilbert spaces, where we distinguish according to M. Z. .Nashed the ill-posedness of type I if $A$ is not compact, but we have $R(A) \neq \bar{R(A)}$ for the range $R(A)$ of $A$, and the ill-posedness of type II for compact operators $A$. From our considerations it seems to follow that-the problems with non-compact operators $A$ are not ingeneral ’less’ ill-posed than the problems with compact operators. We motivate this statement by comparing the approximation and stability behaviour of discrete least-squares solutions and the growth rate of Galerkin matrices in both cases. Ill-posedness measures for compact operators $A$ as discussed by B. Hofmann and U. Tautenhahn are derived from the decay rate of the non-increasing sequence of singular values of $A$. Since singular values do not exist for non-compact operators $A$, we introduce stability rates in order to have a common measure for the compact and non-compact cases. Properties of these rates are illustrated by means of convolution equations in the compact case and by means of equations with multiplication operators in thenon-compact case. Moreover, using increasing rearrangements of multiplier functions specific measures of ill-posedness called ill-posedness rates are considered for multiplication* operators. In this context, the character of sufficient conditions providing convergence rates of Tikhonov regularization are compared-for compact operators and multiplication. operators.

Keywords: Linear ill-posed problems, compact and non-compact linear operators in Hubert spaces, discrete least-squares method, stability rates, singular values, convolution and multiplication operators, Galerkin matrices, condition numbers, increasing rearrangements

Hofmann Bernd, Fleischer G.: Stability Rates for Linear Ill-Posed Problems with Compact and Non-Compact Operators. Z. Anal. Anwend. 18 (1999), 267-286. doi: 10.4171/ZAA/881