# Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

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**Volume 26, Issue 1, 2010, pp. 1–56**

**DOI: 10.4171/RMI/592**

Published online: 2010-04-30

Threshold solutions for the focusing 3D cubic Schrödinger equation

Thomas Duyckaerts^{[1]}and Svetlana Roudenko

^{[2]}(1) Institut Galilée, Université Paris 13, Villetaneuse, France

(2) Arizona State University, Tempe, USA

We study the focusing 3d cubic NLS equation with $H^1$ data at the mass-energy threshold, namely, when $M[u_0]E[u_0]{=}M[Q]E[Q]$. In earlier works of Holmer-Roudenko and Duyckaerts-Holmer-Roudenko, the behavior of solutions (i.e., scattering and blow up in finite time) was classified when $M[u_0]E[u_0] < M[Q]E[Q]$. In this paper, we first exhibit 3 special solutions: $e^{it} Q$ and $Q^\pm$, where $Q$ is the ground state, $Q^\pm$ exponentially approach the ground state solution in the positive time direction, $Q^+$ has finite time blow up and $Q^-$ scatters in the negative time direction. Secondly, we classify solutions at this threshold and obtain that up to $\dot{H}^{1/2}$ symmetries, they behave exactly as the above three special solutions, or scatter and blow up in both time directions as the solutions below the mass-energy threshold. These results are obtained by studying the spectral properties of the linearized Schrödinger operator in this mass-supercritical case, establishing relevant modulational stability and careful analysis of the exponentially decaying solutions to the linearized equation.

*Keywords: *Nonlinear Schrödinger equation, scattering, profile decomposition, blow-up

Duyckaerts Thomas, Roudenko Svetlana: Threshold solutions for the focusing 3D cubic Schrödinger equation. *Rev. Mat. Iberoam.* 26 (2010), 1-56. doi: 10.4171/RMI/592