Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

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Volume 24, Issue 2, 2008, pp. 463–497
DOI: 10.4171/RMI/543

Published online: 2008-08-31

Global infinite energy solutions of the critical semilinear wave equation

Pierre Germain[1]

(1) New York University, USA

We consider the critical semilinear wave equation \begin{equation*} (NLW)_{2^*-1} \;\;\; \left\{ \begin{aligned} \square u + |u|^{2^*-2} u & = 0 \\ u_{|t=0} & = u_0 \\ \partial_t u_{|t=0} & = u_1 \, \,, \end{aligned} \right. \end{equation*} set in $\mathbb{R}^d$, $d \geq 3$, with $2^* = \frac{2d}{d-2} \,\cdotp$ Shatah and Struwe [Shatah, J. and Struwe, M.: Geometric wave equations. Courant Lecture Notes in Mathematics 2. New York University, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. American Mathematical Society, RI, 1998] proved that, for finite energy initial data (ie if $(u_0,u_1) \in \dot{H}^1 \times L^2$), there exists a global solution such that $(u,\partial_t u)\in \mathcal{C}(\mathbb{R},\dot{H}^1 \times L^2)$. Planchon [Planchon, F.: Self-similar solutions and semi-linear wave equations in Besov spaces. J. Math. Pures Appl. (9) 79 (2000), no. 8, 809-820] showed that there also exists a global solution for certain infinite energy initial data, namely, if the norm of $(u_0,u_1)$ in $\dot{B}^1_{2,\infty} \times \dot{B}^0_{2,\infty}$ is small enough. In this article, we build up global solutions of $(NLW)_{2^*-1}$ for arbitrarily big initial data of infinite energy, by using two methods which enable to interpolate between finite and infinite energy initial data: the method of Calderón, and the method of Bourgain. These two methods give complementary results.

Keywords: Critical wave equation, global solutions, infinite energy, Besov spaces

Germain Pierre: Global infinite energy solutions of the critical semilinear wave equation. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 24 (2008), 463-497. doi: 10.4171/RMI/543