# Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

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**Volume 20, Issue 3, 2004, pp. 737–770**

**DOI: 10.4171/RMI/406**

Published online: 2004-12-31

Maximal real Schottky groups

Rubén A. Hidalgo^{[1]}(1) Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Valparaíso, Chile

Let $S$ be a real closed Riemann surfaces together a reflection \mbox{$\tau:S \to S$}, that is, an anticonformal involution with fixed points. A well known fact due to C. L. May \cite{May 1977} asserts that the group $K(S,\tau)$, consisting on all automorphisms (conformal and anticonformal) of $S$ which commutes with $\tau$, has order at most $24(g-1)$. The surface $S$ is called maximally symmetric Riemann surface if $|K(S,\tau)|=24(g-1)$ \cite{Greenleaf-May 1982}. In this note we proceed to construct real Schottky uniformizations of all maximally symmetric Riemann surfaces of genus $g \leq 5$. A method due to Burnside \cite{Burnside 1892} permits us the computation of a basis of holomorphic one forms in terms of these real Schottky groups and, in particular, to compute a Riemann period matrix for them. We also use this in genus 2 and 3 to compute an algebraic curve representing the uniformized surface $S$. The arguments used in this note can be programed into a computer program in order to obtain numerical approximation of Riemann period matrices and algebraic curves for the uniformized surface $S$ in terms of the parameters defining the real Schottky groups.

*Keywords: *Schottky groups, Riemann surfaces, Riemann matrices

Hidalgo Rubén: Maximal real Schottky groups. *Rev. Mat. Iberoam.* 20 (2004), 737-770. doi: 10.4171/RMI/406