Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

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Volume 19, Issue 2, 2003, pp. 339–353
DOI: 10.4171/RMI/350

Published online: 2003-08-31

A new Proof of Desingularization over fields of characteristic zero

Santiago Encinas[1] and Orlando Villamayor U.[2]

(1) Universidad de Valladolid, Spain
(2) Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

We present a proof of embedded desingularization for closed subschemes which does not make use of Hilbert-Samuel function and avoids Hironaka's notion of normal flatness (see also \cite{EncinasVillamayor2000} page 224). Given a subscheme defined by equations, we prove that embedded desingularization can be achieved by a sequence of monoidal transformations; where the law of transformation on the equations defining the subscheme is simpler then that used in Hironaka's procedure. This is done by showing that desingularization of a closed subscheme $X$, in a smooth sheme $W$, is achieved by taking an algorithmic principalization for the ideal $I(X)$, associated to the embedded scheme $X$. This provides a conceptual simplification of the original proof of Hironaka. This algorithm of principalization (of Log-resolution of ideals), and this new procedure of embedded desingularization discussed here, have been implemented in MAPLE.

Keywords: Resolution of singularities, desingularization

Encinas Santiago, Villamayor U. Orlando: A new Proof of Desingularization over fields of characteristic zero. Rev. Mat. Iberoam. 19 (2003), 339-353. doi: 10.4171/RMI/350