Geometry and Arithmetic

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pp: 283–307

DOI: 10.4171/119-1/17

Descendents on local curves: Stationary theory

Rahul Pandharipande[1] and A. Pixton[2]

(1) ETH Z├╝rich, Switzerland
(2) Princeton University, USA

The stable pairs theory of local curves in 3-folds (equivariant with respect to the scaling 2-torus) is studied with stationary descendent insertions. Reduction rules are found to lower descendents when higher than the degree. Factorization then yields a simple proof of rationality in the stationary case and a proof of the functional equation related to inverting $q$. The method yields an effective determination of stationary descendent integrals. The series $\mathsf{Z}^{\mathsf{cap}}_{d,(d)}( \tau_d(\mathsf{p}))$ plays a special role and is calculated exactly using the stable pairs vertex and an analysis of the solution of the quantum differential equation for the Hilbert scheme of points of the plane.

Keywords: Stable pairs, local curves, stationary descendents, Hilbert scheme of points, equivariant Chow ring