Annales de l’Institut Henri Poincaré D

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Volume 3, Issue 1, 2016, pp. 55–119
DOI: 10.4171/AIHPD/25

Published online: 2016-02-11

Loop-weighted walk

Tyler Helmuth[1]

(1) University of California at Berkeley, USA

Loop-weighted walk with parameter $\lambda \geq 0$ is a non-Markovian model of random walks that is related to the loop $O(N)$ model of statistical mechanics. A walk receives weight $\lambda^{k}$ if it contains $k$ loops; whether this is a reward or punishment for containing loops depends on the value of $\lambda$. A challenging feature of loop-weighted walk is that it is not purely repulsive, meaning the weight of the future of a walk may either increase or decrease if the past is forgotten. Repulsion is typically an essential property for lace expansion arguments. This article circumvents the lack of repulsion and proves, for any $\lambda > 0$, that loop-weighted walk is diffusive in high dimensions by lace expansion methods.

Keywords: Self-interacting walk, lace expansion, loop erasure, loop models

Helmuth Tyler: Loop-weighted walk. Ann. Inst. Henri Poincaré Comb. Phys. Interact. 3 (2016), 55-119. doi: 10.4171/AIHPD/25