# Journal of the European Mathematical Society

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**Volume 17, Issue 9, 2015, pp. 2379–2416**

**DOI: 10.4171/JEMS/560**

Torsion points on families of simple abelian surfaces and Pell's equation over polynomial rings (with an appendix by E. V. Flynn)

David Masser^{[1]}and Umberto Zannier

^{[2]}(1) Departement Mathematik und Informatik, Fachbereich Mathematik, Universität Basel, Spiegelgasse 1, 4051, Basel, Switzerland

(2) Geometria, Classe di Scienze Matematiche e Naturali, Scuola Normale Superiore, Palazzo della Carovana, Piazza dei Cavalieri, 7, 56126, Pisa, Italy

In recent papers we proved a special case of a variant of Pink's Conjecture for a variety inside a semiabelian scheme: namely for any curve inside anything isogenous to a product of two elliptic schemes. Here we go beyond the elliptic situation by settling the crucial case of any simple abelian surface scheme defined over the field of algebraic numbers, thus confirming an earlier conjecture of Shou-Wu Zhang. This is of particular relevance in the topic, also in view of very recent counterexamples by Bertrand. Furthermore there are applications to the study of Pell equations over polynomial rings; for example we deduce that there are at most finitely many complex $t$ for which there exist $A,B \neq 0$ in ${\mathbb C}[X]$ with $A^2 – DB^2 = 1$ for $D = X^6 + X + t$. We also consider equations $A^2 – DB^2 = c'X + c$, where the situation is quite different.

*Keywords: *Torsion point, abelian surface scheme, Pell equation, Jacobian variety, Chabauty’s theorem

Masser David, Zannier Umberto: Torsion points on families of simple abelian surfaces and Pell's equation over polynomial rings (with an appendix by E. V. Flynn). *J. Eur. Math. Soc.* 17 (2015), 2379-2416. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/560