# Journal of the European Mathematical Society

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**Volume 14, Issue 3, 2012, pp. 733–748**

**DOI: 10.4171/JEMS/316**

Published online: 2012-03-07

On sets of vectors of a finite vector space in which every subset of basis size is a basis

Simeon Ball^{[1]}(1) Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

It is shown that the maximum size of a set ${ S}$ of vectors of a $k$-dimensional vector space over ${\mathbb F}_q$, with the property that every subset of size $k$ is a basis, is at most $q+1$, if $k \leq p$, and at most $q+k-p$, if $q \geq k \geq p+1 \geq 4$, where $q=p^h$ and $p$ is prime. Moreover, for $k\leq p$, the sets $S$ of maximum size are classified, generalising Beniamino Segre's “arc is a conic'' theorem.

These results have various implications. One such implication is that a $k\times (p+2)$ matrix, with $k \leq p$ and entries from ${\mathbb F}_p$, has $k$ columns which are linearly dependent. Another is that the uniform matroid of rank $r$ that has a base set of size $n \geq r+2$ is representable over ${\mathbb F}_p$ if and only if $n \leq p+1$. It also implies that the main conjecture for maximum distance separable codes is true for prime fields; that there are no maximum distance separable linear codes over ${\mathbb F}_p$, of dimension at most $p$, longer than the longest Reed-Solomon codes. The classification implies that the longest maximum distance separable linear codes, whose dimension is bounded above by the characteristic of the field, are Reed–Solomon codes.

*Keywords: *Arcs, Maximum Distance Separable Codes (MDS codes), uniform matroids

Ball Simeon: On sets of vectors of a finite vector space in which every subset of basis size is a basis. *J. Eur. Math. Soc.* 14 (2012), 733-748. doi: 10.4171/JEMS/316