Revista Matemática Iberoamericana


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Volume 30, Issue 4, 2014, pp. 1301–1354
DOI: 10.4171/RMI/816

Published online: 2014-12-15

Linear multifractional stable motion: fine path properties

Antoine Ayache[1] and Julien Hamonier

(1) Université Lille 1, Villeneuve d'Asq, France

For at least a decade, there has been considerable interest in applied and theoretical issues related to multifractional random models. Nonetheless, only a few results are known in the framework of heavy-tailed stable distributions. In this framework, a paradigmatic example is the linear multifractional stable motion (LMSM) $\{Y(t)\colon t\in\mathbb R\}$. Stoev and Taqqu [30, 29| introduced LMSM by replacing the constant Hurst parameter of classical linear fractional stable motion (LFSM) by a deterministic function $H(\cdot)$ depending on the time variable $t$. The main goal of our article is to make a comprehensive study of the local and asymptotic behavior of $\{Y(t):t\in\mathbb R\}$. To this end, one needs to derive fine path properties of $\{X(u,v)\colon (u,v)\in\mathbb R \times (1/\alpha,1)\}$, the field generating the process (i.e., one has $Y(t)=X(t,H(t))$ for all $t\in\mathbb R$). This leads us to introduce random wavelet series representations of $\{X(u,v)\colon (u,v)\in\mathbb R \times (1/\alpha,1)\}$ as well as of all its pathwise partial derivatives of any order with respect to $v$. Then our strategy consists in using wavelet methods which are reminiscent of those in [2, 5]. Among other things, we solve a conjecture of Stoev and Taqqu concerning the existence for LMSM of a version with almost surely continuous paths; moreover we significantly improve Theorem 4.1 in [29], which provides some bounds for the local H\"older exponent (in other words, the uniform pointwise Hölder exponent) of LMSM. Namely, we obtain a quasi-optimal global modulus of continuity, and also an optimal local one. It is worth noticing that, even in the quite classical case of LFSM, the optimal local modulus of continuity provides a new result which was previously not known.

Keywords: Linear fractional and multifractional stable motions, wavelet series representations, moduli of continuity, Hölder regularity, laws of the iterated logarithm

Ayache Antoine, Hamonier Julien: Linear multifractional stable motion: fine path properties. Rev. Mat. Iberoamericana 30 (2014), 1301-1354. doi: 10.4171/RMI/816